Showing posts with label Windows. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Windows. Show all posts

Monday, 5 December 2016

How to EJECT AND CLOSE Optical Disk Drive using Custom Shortcut Keys in Windows

The basic way of opening/ejecting an Optical Disk Drive with a tray-loading mechanism is by pressing the front button or by right-clicking the mouse and select “eject” on the drive icon from My Computer/This PC of your system. The physical button allows you to open and closes the tray while right-clicking the mouse doesn't give you the option of closing the ejected tray. This tutorial will show you on how to eject and close Optical Disk Drive using any shortcut keys in Windows.

There are two well-known utilities that give you a much easier way of ejecting and closing Optical Disk Drive using hotkeys, the NirCmd utility from Nirsoft and Door Control from Digola.

You can download any of the two utilities here:

For NirCmd utility, here’s how to do it:

After downloading and extracting the NirCmd utility, right-click anywhere on your desktop select “New” and create “Shortcut”:

In the location box, type the path location of the nircmd.exe file that you downloaded within the quotes, and add the command cdrom open at the end of the file path with your drive letter:

“C:\Full File Path\” cdrom open Drive Letter:

For instance, I put the nircmd.exe file in my desktop and my Optical Disk Drive letter path is E:, then I would key in:

“C:\Users\Orionautics\Desktop\nircmd.exe” cdrom open E:

Click NEXT to continue...

Name your shortcut anything you want, like “Eject Disk Drive”, then click finish afterward and you will have your shortcut like this:

Create a shortcut that closes the ejected tray

For creating the CLOSE shortcut, you just have to follow the instructions above and change the command "cdrom open" to "cdrom close"

Change the shortcut icon

You can assign any icon you want on your shortcut by right-clicking on it, select Properties > Shortcut. On the Shortcut tab, select “Change Icon” and choose the icon you want, click OK, then apply:

Assign shortcut key on your created shortcut

After creating the Open and Close shortcuts, you can now assign a shortcut key on it, by right-clicking the shortcut icon, select Properties > Shortcut, on the shortcut tab, key in your desired key on the shortcut key box:

For instance, I am assigning F12 key as the shortcut key on ejecting the tray:

That's it for NirCmd utility.

For Door Control, here’s how to do it:

Simply install the downloaded setupdoorcontrol.exe in your system.

Launch the utility after setup, Door Control will now load on your system tray:

You can now assign any custom shortcut key you want for Ejecting and Closing your Optical Disk Drive by right-clicking the icon on the system tray and select Set Shortcut Key:

It is recommended to check the "Load Door Control at Startup" option of the utility to automatically run on your system every time you boot up your computer.

That's all for the Door Control Utility.

Optical Disk Drive (ODD) is still considered as one of the essential tools of almost all computer machines, no matter what development have been applied to this devices, this piece of hardware is still a part of it. Unlike floppy drives that has gone extinct for sometime now, Optical Disk Drives will go along in every advancements of computers as long as CD/DVD discs exist.

Tuesday, 20 September 2016

How to EASILY Take Ownership of All System Files Folders and Drives in Windows and Adding it to the Context Menu

This method works in Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, 8.1, and 10.

For security reasons, windows has implemented limitation on accessing files and folders on the operating system. The purpose is to significantly increase  the security of data stored on a Windows system specially on  specific system files/folders that can make Windows unstable if altered.

Since it is important for the users to have the full control over the system, there are some steps on how to take ownership of any files or folders. There are several procedures on doing so, whether you use the GUI or the command line, this traditional procedures takes far too many steps.

However, there is an easy way to do it. You can quickly resolve ‘Cannot Delete’ And ‘Access Denied’ errors you may encounter in your system. In just several clicks, you can easily Take Ownership of all system files, folders, and drives in Windows and adding it to the Context Menu. All you have to do is to download this file:

This Registry hack file will Install on your registry system and will give you the easiest way in taking ownership with no sweat. Your context menu will look like this:

Just unzip the file, and double-click TakeOwnership.reg. With no system restart required, you can now take ownership any files/folders you wanted.

To Uninstall, just double-click on the RemoveTakeOwnership.reg file on the extracted folder. 

Saturday, 13 August 2016

Computer Freezing Problem: Common Causes and it's Basic Solutions

Computer freezing is one of the common computer user’s problems nowadays. It is very annoying problem for it happens all of a sudden every time. This is a difficult issue, in many cases, you won’t even get a pop message or anything that your system is freezing and not responding. Usually, when it happens, either your mouse or keyboard are working, but you can’t fix the issue that way and the last option you have is to hit the restart button. On a regular basis, there are many reasons why your computer could be freezing, generally, there are few common problems that causes this trouble. It could be hardware or software issue, virus/malware infection or corrupted system files.

1. Hardware Issues

This is one of the most common root of the problem. Any hardware attached in your system could be the reason, this can even give you a blue screen of death (BSOD), an indication of your hardware incompatibility issues. To resolve this trouble, try to check all your hardware and replace the possible piece with a functioning one. Let’s see if this can fix.

2. Hard Drive sectors mishap

Damage Hard drive sectors causes the system to freeze because it cannot load the necessary information and unable to respond read or write requests. There are two types of damage or bad sectors - the physical/hard and logical/soft. This problem can cause data loss or even drive failure that will cause your system to bug down. To check and repair this issue, use the windows built in Disk Check tool or chkdsk, this will scan your hard drives for bad sectors and repairing it to make them function well again.

3. Virus, Spyware, Malwares, adwares everything…

Anyone can get this nasty pests in the internet, and it’s free. Commonly, they are the reasons why a system is freezing, they can corrupt data on your system, or even erase everything on your hard disk. Install a good anti-virus program and perform a deep scan to get rid of them.

4. Corrupted system files

When your system files are compromised, your computer is sick. Windows files corruption is commonly caused by a virus or sudden shutdown due to power interruption, naturally, this will make the computer slow or even freeze. Fortunately, Windows has several tools to repair this kind of problem. You can use System File Checker - a utility in Windows that allows users to scan for corruptions in Windows system files and restore corrupted files.

5. Software Issues

Some softwares can crash a computer especially when it’s poorly built. Even browsers can freeze up your system when a bad script is executed. Usually, when it’s too bad, everything will be unresponsive. To solve this issue, uninstall the erroneous software, or if it’s on a browser case, try to reset it or re install.

6. Memory Issues

Freezing issue can also occur when you’re using your computer with high memory usage, RAM amount starts going close to maximum until no space left for disk cache, system becomes totally unresponsive. Get rid of this issue by controlling memory usage, uninstall unnecessary softwares, reduce browsers memory (chrome especially), or use third party softwares that reduce and boost your memory usage such as Wise Memory Optimizer, Ramrush etc.

7. Too much Data on Hard drives

The more files you save in to your drive the less space you can have, and there’s accumulative effects in your computer. A hard drive with too much data can also slow down your computer, causing freezes and crashes. You need to free extra space, uninstall unnecessary programs in your system, move files from your Primary drive to secondary drive or external storage, execute disk clean up to erase unnecessary files in your system.

Sometimes, the situation can became worst, freezing problem can get real serious if this happens randomly, it’s alarming. If you’re struggling with a crawling and very unresponsive system, you must do something about it! Determine and fix the problem before it will ruin your computer.

Saturday, 6 August 2016

How to Change Default Startup Messages on Windows

This tutorial will show you the trick on how to change the default startup messages in Windows such as:

Logging Off..
Change Password
Logging your Computer
Windows is shutting down..

Take Note that this trick is only tested on Windows Vista and Windows 7 version.

For Instance, I wanted to change the “Welcome” text on my startup to “Welcome back Orionatutics” as shown below:

Change to:

Or I would want to change the “Logging Off...” message to “Orionautics Logging Off...”

Change to:

This Default Startup Messages are recorded on winlogon.exe.mui file of the windows System. You can Modify this strings using resource editing software that is able on compiling, viewing, decompiling and recompiling any type of Windows executable (*.exe; *.dll; *.scr; *.mui etc). In this tutorial, we will be using Resource Hacker by Angus Johnson.

Before proceeding, one should understand that modifying system files can possibly cause problems in Windows, thus, to be safe, creating a restore point before doing this tutorial is advised. In case some mistakes may be made then you can do a system restore at boot to undo it.

  1. You must have the admin rights upon doing this tutorial.
  2. Follow the steps correctly to avoid problems.


  1. Open Windows explorer and navigate to C:\Windows\System32\en-US\winlogon.exe.mui

  2. Copy the winlogon.exe.mui file to your desktop.

    You need to Take Ownership on the winlogon.exe.mui copy to set the permission allowing you to have Full Control on the file.

  3. Download and Install the Latest Version of Resource Hacker 
  4. Run the Resource Hacker as administrator

  5. Load the winlogon.exe.mui file from your desktop

  6. In the left pane of Resource Hacker, expand String Table, you should see string table 63 to 313

  7. Click on String Table 63 - 1033, and modify any of the strings:

  8. After you typed your desired message, click on the Compile Script button and save.

  9. Resource Hacker will create the winlogon.exe_original.mui backup on your desktop to be used incase you want to restore any changes. 
  10. Copy the modified winlogon.exe.mui file from your Desktop, and Paste it into the C:\Windows\System32\en-US folder

    Click on COPY AND REPLACE if prompted.

    You might be unable to paste the file on the destination folder C:\Windows\System32\en-US for security reasons, all you need to do is to take ownership of the system folder. To easily do this  just follow this LINK: How to EASILY Take Ownership of all system files, folders, and drives in Windows and adding it to the Context Menu
  11. Open command prompt as administrator and type mcbuilder command to activate the changes you made on the system.

  12. Restart your computer
  13. To see the changes made, open Start Menu and click on either Log off, Restart or Shut Down.

Running a sfc /scannow command will lose all changes made to the system file from this tutorial since this command will restore back all other system files to default.

Tuesday, 1 December 2015

How to Fix Blue Screen of Death (BSOD)

First, what is BSOD?, well, by the error name itself is already terrifying. BSOD (Blue Screen of Death) is one of the worst type of computer errors for a user can experience. This commonly appears when a windows operating system encounters a fatal error where the system cannot recover resulting a total dysfunction. In most cases, this error can simply be fixed by system reboot, but if the level of error is high you might need some serious troubleshooting. Keep in mind that this issue is critical and will cause serious problems if not resolved right away this can lead to system corruption and Data loss. 

BSOD (Blue Screen of Death) Error Sections:

Figure 1.

A common blue screen error windows is divided into four sections:
  1. Shows the error code excerpt
  2. Shows error suggested possible fix
  3. Shows technical Information of the error
  4. Shows the status information and debug attempt report

Windows automatically creates a "minidump" file where blue screen crash information is being saved.  This can be used to analyse more on the issue. To easily view BSOD information you can use  BlueScreenView software by Nirsoft. It scans all "minidump" files that was created when the error occurred. 

BSOD Troubleshooting

BSOD occurs on various reasons, the first thing to do is to analyse the main cause of the error. The error screen provides a technical information - ‘STOP ERROR’ code (see figure 1. Section 3). This code will help you understand more about the specific fault. Under control Panel's System and Security, there is an Action Center section where blue screen information is also displayed, you can open through it and check for possible solutions. 

Here are some helpful tips on troubleshooting BSOD problem:
  1. Check if there's any faulty hardware - Hardware issues can cause BSOD error on your system, you should do a hardware check if there's a possible faulty piece. It could be your RAM, hard drives, CMos battery or anything. You can also try a memory scan or a temperature check to see if your drives causes the error or the overheating issue.
  2. Execute System Restore - If the system was just blue screening all of a sudden, you can try the system restore to roll the system back on its previous good-state. Usually it's a software incompatibility problem you just installed or a system corruption occured, System Restore might help you out.
  3. Update your system drivers - Corrupted or faulty installed System Drivers can cause system crashes that can lead you to possible BSOD, You should scan and check your drivers using various driver scanner softwares to see if there's a problem nesting on it.
  4. Uninstall suspected Programs/hardware - If your system is showing the screen error right after you install a certain program/hardware, then that might be the cause. Simply try to uninstall and see if the issue have been resolved.
  5. Execute a Deep system scan - Virus or malwares can also cause blue screening. This pests can dig deep into your system and infects on your windows files that will cause corruption and crashing. Have your system scanned with a good antivirus to get rid of the problem.
  6. Boot in Safe Mode - Sometimes, blue screening won't let you log on to your desktop, in this case you can try booting into Safe Mode, from there you can analyse and execute possible fix on this specific error. On the Safe Mode, windows will only load the essential drivers of the system, however, if the problem is caused by a driver then it is possible that you cannot get through on to it. In this case, you can use a windows repair disk.
  7. ReFormat Windows System - This will be your last resort. If the blue screening still persist after executing various fix procedures, your system might be totally corrupted. If Existing instability won't let you fix the problem then you may replace your system a fresh copy of Windows.

Thursday, 22 January 2015

How to Block Youtube Ads (The Simplest Way)

Since youtube has been used as one of the vast advertising site nowadays, some people find this ads annoying unless they have an interest on it. Me, myself, I found it annoying too especially when ads runs more than a minute that you still have to spend 10 seconds of your life to skip it. Well, we all know how important the ads is for the advertisers is, but for some youtube surfers (us), what more important to us is the video that we play right? so since some browser developers provided extensions that blocks ads, im gonna show you how to install it in the SIMPLEST WAY.

For Chrome Users,

SIMPLY google search "how to block youtube ads"

Click on the link "Adblock for Youtube"

SIMPLY click on the "Free" button shown in the figure to add the extension on your chrome browser

Afterwhich, Viola! you can now experience youtube without ads.
To note, this add on is one of the popular adblock in chrome, there still more around there, I only recommend this one based on the review itself for good feedbacks. This is not perfect since few users are complaining, but for me, ill give this 98% rate because I was using this add on and it works fine.

For the firefox users,

I recommend you to use

Adblock Plus 2.6.7  NO RESTART

by Wladimir Palant

Its all-in-one, blocking ads not just only youtube, but the ads on the other sites as well. According to its reviews, this is the best addblock with 5 star rate, 20 million users and 4,000+ user reviews. 

Monday, 31 March 2014

Open any Programs, Files and Folders using Shortcut Keys in Windows

There are bunch of Shortcut Keys available in windows that provides an easier and quicker ways in navigating any computer directories and executing commands on a program/software. This helpful shortcuts are effectively makes any operation simple and accessible without too much input sequences on opening anything in the system.

Shortcut Keys are important and it is undeniable that almost every user loves shortcuts for easy and quick commands. However, these shortcuts are quite limited, as windows only covers the basic shortcuts in general input of the system. For example when opening the "My Computer" or "This PC" window, you can easily press "Windows Key + E" on the keyboard, or simply press ALT+F4 to quit an open program. Now, how about opening the CONTROL PANEL, CMD or MS WORD? Basically, there is no hotkey for that unless you make a shortcut icon (.lnk) on your desktop and assign a shortcut key on its properties.

Launching/Opening any programs, files or folders using a custom shortcut key is cool, but is there any other way doing that without filling up your desktop with shortcuts? Yes there is! Using this simple app called EVOKEYS.

EVOKEYS allows you to open any programs, files or folders using a custom shortcut key. This light application has a very user-friendly interface with no complicated settings, you can designate any key combination you want for a certain program, file or a folder. Whenever it is installed, it adds up into the system tray, its main window can be easily launched by clicking the icon on the tray.

You can add shortcut keys as many as you can - a program, file or a folder defining its name, path, parameters (optional), hotkey and style by clicking the Add button.

EVOKEYS also allows you to assign a shortcut key on system commands such as Shutdown, Restart, Hybernate, Log Off, Switch User - lock. Under the Custom Menu, you can easily select any of the available options and input your desired hotkey. Along with this, you can also specify a hotkey for the primary windows folders such as My Computer and My Documents. Control Panel and CMD are included as well.

This program supports 32 and 64 bit System. It is tested on Windows XP and later versions except Windows 10.